Okay, I am bored again, so let's compile all the references in Skullgirls in here. I know some people like to find this stuff out so hopefully we can collect everything into this thread. I'm gonna organise this thread similarly to the mega lore thread, ie. by character and then factions/places/etc. Unlike the lore thread, speculations on possible meanings and references are welcome, since we're not gonna go bother Alex about the sheer amount of references in Skullgirls. :p Characters Filia & Samson: - Filia is Latin for "daughter", but also possibly a reference/pun to the Latin word, filum, meaning thread or filament; a reference to her hair-based power. Perhaps meant to sound similar to Millia, another famous fighting game character with hair-based power? - Samson is a Biblical character imbued with supernatural strength but lost it when his hair was cut, which led to him being captured and blinded. - One of Samson's previous and most important host, Delilah, was the name of the Biblical character who cut off Samson's hair. Cerebella: - Name derived from the Latin "cerebellum", a medical term for a part of the brain used to control motor control. Likely a reference to her Living Weapon that she controls on her head. - Her Living Weapon, Vice Versa, is from the Latin phase commonly used in English to mean "the other way round". Could be a reference to the topsy-turvy nature of Cerebella's acrobatic circus act/fighting style. Peacock: - Her first Synthetic Parasite, the Avery Unit, is a reference to Tex Avery, a prominent American cartoonist. A reference to its power that allows Peacock to create cartoon-like constructs. - Her second Synthetic Parasite, the Argus System, is a reference to Argus, a 100-eye giant in Greek mythology. After his death, his eyes were preserved by Hera forever in a peacock's tail. Reference to the Parasite's many-eyed appearance. - Peacock's name is hence a reference to the Argus myth. - Her real name, Patricia, is a Latin name meaning "noble". Most likely just meant to sound similar to "peacock". - Her small and big bomb friends are called George and Lenny respectively. They are named after characters from the John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men starring two friends, George and his large but mentally-slow friend Lennie. It's noteworthy that Lenny's name is spelled differently from the novel's character, since his name is also a reference to Lonesome Lenny, a Tex Avery cartoon. - OBSOLETE INFO: The two bombs used to be called Little Boy and Fat Man, after the nuclear bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during WW2. The names were changed for sensitivity reasons. Ms Fortune: - Name is pun on the word "misfortune". A reference to the fate that befell her and possibly a reference to the old superstition that black cats bring misfortune? Parasoul: - Name is pun on "parasol", meaning umbrella - Her Living Weapon Krieg is German for war. Part of the Renoirs' living umbrella weapons' Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse theme Painwheel: - Name is pun on the word "pinwheel". Her original blade design looked a lot more similar to an actual pinwheel. - Her first Synthetic Parasite, the Buer Drive, is a reference to the demon Buer which is mentioned in the Pseudomonarchia Daemonum. Its appearance is sometimes depicted as a lion head surrounded by 5 legs, a reference to the Buer Drive's appearance. - Her second Synthetic Parasite, Gae Bolga, is named after a legendary spear from Irish mythology. It is said that the spear splits into 30 barbs after entering a man's body, a reference to the barbs that Painwheel can summon from her body with the Parasite's power. - Her real name Carol, is the European name derived from the Latin name Carolus, originally a male name meaning "free man". It is also now associated with the English word carol, meaning song. Could be a pun on the word "carousel", a reference to the Buer Drive? Valentine: - Her name follows a religious holiday theme with the rest of the Last Hope's ninja nurses, Valentine for St Valentine's day, Christmas for Christmas day, Patty for St Patrick's day, Hallows for Halloween's day and Easter for Easter day. - Her real name, Valerie, is an English name derived from the Latin name Valeria, meaning "to be healthy/strong". Most likely just meant to sound like "Valentine". Double: - Double's name is probably a reference to her copying ability or the fact that she is usually seen in 2 forms (the nun and the monster). Also possibly a reference to the phase "Double, double toil and trouble", part of the chant of the three witches from Shakespeare's Macbeth. A reference to her connection with the Trinity, maybe?? Squigly & Leviathan: - Squigly possibly a reference to her Parasite's "squiggly" appearance. - Contiello is an Italian surname and Sienna is an English given name named after an Italian city. That keeps up with the Italian theme of the Medicis and their allies, but no idea what the actual names might be references of. - Leviathan is the name of a sea monster from the Bible. It's name literally means twisted or coiled, so again a reference to the appearance of the Parasite. Big Band: - Name a reference to big bands, a type of jazz/swing musical ensemble. - His surname, Birdland, is a reference to a famous jazz-fusion song by the Weather Report, which in turn is a reference to the name of a famous jazz club. Full name Ben Birdland probably meant to reflect the initials of his codename, BB. Ben might be a reference to Big Ben? Eliza: - Name is a duel reference to both Elizabeth Taylor, a famous film star who has portrayed Cleopatra (whose Egyptian theme heavily inspired Eliza's design, and was also said to have a beautiful voice) and Countess Elizabeth of Bathory, who was convicted of killing young girls in order to bathe in their blood in order to retain her youth, obviously a reference to her blood powers. - Her Parasite, Sekhmet, is a reference to an Egyptian warrior goddess and goddess of healing. According to a myth, she was sent into battle by Ra, but continued to slaughter humans at the end of the battle due to her thirst for blood. In order to quench her blood-lust, Ra poured beer dyed the colour of blood, which she mistook for blood and got so drunk that she gave up and returned peacefully. - Her bodyguards, Horace and Albus, reference the Egyptian gods Horus and Anubis respectively. Their animal heads, a falcon and a jackal, are also how the gods Horus and Anubis are portrayed. Beowulf: - Name is a reference to a Scandinavian hero from an Old English poem, who killed the monster Grendel and its mother who was terrorising the subjects of the King of the Danes. - (Skullgirls's) Beowulf lore with him fighting the Gigan Grendel and his rampaging mother is clearly a reference to the Beowulf story. - His chair, the Hurting, is a pun of the poem Beowulf's sword, Hrunting, that was given to him before he went to fight Grendel's mother. Robo-Fortune: - Robo- is just a common prefix for robot equivalent of characters, such as Robo-Ky from Guilty Gear. Umbrella: - Name literally explains itself. - Her living weapon, Hungern, is German for hunger. Another reference of the Four Horsemen. Bloody Marie: - Name is a reference to Bloody Mary, nickname of Queen Mary I of England whose persecution of Protestants earned her the nickname. Also the name of a famous cocktail and a folklore (saying Bloody Mary 3 times to a mirror), although both are references of the original Bloody Mary. Black Dahlia: - Name is a reference to the infamous murder of Elizabeth Short, whose body was found mutilated in Los Angeles in the 1940s. The name The Black Dahlia was given to her as a reference to a famous movie at the time, The Blue Dahlia. Judging from B. Dahlia's appearance, it is possible that she was similarly mutilated. Mrs Victoria: - Victoria is a given name in real life and not really a surname. The only instance I can think of Victoria being used as a surname is Seras Victoria from the manga Hellsing. Alex is known to be a fan of Hellsing so it's a possible reference. - Her given name is either Devannah or Diana. Alex said that both names are references to something. Diana is most likely a reference to Wonder Woman but no idea what Devannah is a reference of. Her initials, DV, is obviously meant to reflect her alter ego, Deep Violet. D. Violet: - Violet probably from her skin colour. Deep Violet possibly a reference to the rock band, Deep Purple. - Her Living Weapon, the Pazuzu Whip, references the Assyrian/Babylonian god of the demons of the wind, Pazuzu. Pazuzu is usually depicted as having a serpentine penis, so the reference is obvious there. Annie: - Her Parasite, Sagan, is named after Carl Sagan, a famous astronomer who wrote and presented the famous TV Series and book "Cosmos". A reference to her space-based powers. - Following from that, she is likely named after Carl Sagan's widow, Ann Druyan, who is a writer for producer for astronomy and science-related TV programmes, including Cosmos. Stanley: - His surname is Whitefin, probably a reference to the great white sharks. His first name, Stanley, is a reference to the Stanley Cup since he is a huge hockey fan. - Additionally, Alex is from San Jose, and the local hockey team there is called the San Jose Sharks. Hive: - Name a reference to bee hives. Obviously a reference to her appearance. - Her Synthetic Parasite is called Beezle Bomb. Apart from the obvious bee pun, Alex has referred to it as "B Bomb" which makes me believe that it is a reference to the term "B-Bomb" from the bullet hell game DoDonPachi DaiFukkatsu (B-Bomb is when you choose B type ship with Bomb style). Or it could just be a reference to the fact that the bomb pickup in the DoDonPachi series is labelled B. The connection is with her bee motif, since DoDonPachi translate directly to "Angry Leader Bee" and bee symbolism is used throughout the games. Additionally, Beezle Bomb could be a pun on Beelzebub, the Semitic "lord of the flies" god whose name was later associated with a Christian demon, who is commonly portrayed to have control over insects. Leduc: - Name is a reference to the "nightmare state of Leduc", which is a term in animal slaughter by electricity. If the electrical shock is applied to the head incorrectly, the animal may enter a stage where it is fully concious but unable to move or vocalise. Reference to his electricity-based power. - His Synthetic Parasite, Taranis Generator, is a reference to the Taranis, the Celtic God of Thunder. Ileum: - Named after a section of the small intestine, the ileum, since her appearance is intestine-like. - Her Synthetic Parasite, Salamander Shell, could be a reference to the salamander's ability to secrete mucus from its skin, similarly to Ileum's power to secrete enzyme/acid from her body. Given that she was disfigured in the war and the Parasite has given her more or less an able body, it could refer to the salamander's ability to regenerate lost limbs. The "Shell" part most likely refers to the Parasite's appearance. In Alex's "x-ray" sketch of Ileum, you can see that under her gown, her torso and groin are actually covered in a shell-like armour. Brain Drain: - Name is a word play on the term "brain drain", where skilled workers leave their home to find jobs somewhere else with better opportunities. Also a famous album by the Ramones. Seems to be no deep references here but the phase is clearly a reference to his psychic powers. Andy Anvil: - Name obviously references the fact that he is an anvil. Similarly with his friend, Tommy Ten-Tons, who is a ten-ton weight. Also noteworthy that both their names are alliterate (the first letters of all parts of their names are the same), a common trait in old cartoons. Feng: - Name derived from fenghuang (凤凰), also known as the Chinese phoenix. This likely references her bird-based fighting style. Feng is also a common element in real Chinese names derived from the same word. Also possibly a reference to Feng Shui, a Chinese system of philosophy, which references the origin of her ghost birds. - Her black-and-white theme is also a reference to the Taoist Taijitu symbol, which represents the intertwining of black and white. - OBSOLETE INFO: Feng used to be a Parasite user wielding the Parasite Salamander, which gives her fire-based powers. The salamander was believed to be a creature associated with fire in folklore. This was changed as Alex felt that there were already too many Parasite users in Skullgirls. Also, the Chinese phoenix symbolises fire or the sun, which means that her name Feng also referenced that aspect of her power. Taliesin: - Named after Taliesin Williams, a famous Welsh bard. A reference to the fact that Taliesin is a bard in the Cirque des Cartes. - His remote Parasite, Muse, is named after the Muses, the Greek goddesses of inspiration. The word muse is also used in modern term as someone's source of inspiration. Probably also refers to music, which is a word that derives from the Greek word Muse, a reference to Taliesin and Muse's music abilities. Hubrecht: - His name is a Dutch name which directly translate to "big heart", which obviously refers to his appearance and personality. - His nickname, Hertz, is wordplay on the word "hurt", which is what he can lay down on people. Probably also a pun on "heart". Hertz itself is a common German surname meaning "brave", also the SI unit for measuring frequency, named after the German physicist Heinrich Rudolf Hertz. Regina: - Her name is Latin for "queen", a reference to the fact that she represents the Queen card in the Cirque des Cartes, and also to her leadership role in the circus. Beatrix: - The name Beatrix is an English name derived from the Latin "Viatrix", meaning traveller. No idea what it could be a reference of. - Her Cloak of Damocles is a reference to the Greek story of the Sword of Damocles, where the court courtier Damocles offered to switch place with the king to sit on the throne. The king then arranged to have a sword hung by the pommel with a single horse tail hair above the throne, causing Damocles to beg to depart after realising that with great fortune also comes great peril. A reference to the swords that Beatrix keeps stabbed inside her body. Ottomo: - Name likely a reference to the Ottomobile, or the Otto Engine, the first internal-combustion engine designed Nikolaus Otto. Probably references the "primitive" look of the robot Ottomo. - The model number of Ottomo is M3, Mighty Metal Man. Most likely a reference to the real-life M3 (man-made man) robots, designed by researchers at Osaka University. - His pilot's name, Tom, could be derived from the name Ottomo. Also Ottomo+Tom = Ottomotom; a pun on the word "automaton"? Yu-wan: - Named after a type of Chinese food, fish balls (魚丸), which are pounded fish meat mixed with flour and then rolled into a ball. A reference to the fact that he runs a Chinese (or the Skullgirls universe-equivalent) restaurant. Funnily enough, Yu-Wan is a real Chinese given name, with different spellings/meanings, but it is a female name. - His brother, Shu-mai, is named after another kind of Chinese food, dumplings (燒賣) made from chopped meat mixed with other ingredients and then wrapped with a thin dough and then steamed. Reference to his brother's Chinese food-themed name. Minette: - Name probably a pun of minnow, a small fish. References the fact she is a fish girl. Minette also means "pussycat" in French, where it is also sometimes used as a colloquial term for you-can-guess-what. Scythana: - Probably derived from the word "scythe", a kind of bladed tool/weapon. Not sure about any references. Roxie: - Roxie is a pet name form of Roxanne, derived from the Persian name Roushanak, meaning bright star. - Her real name, Rosie, is a reference to Rosie the Riveter, a famous American WW2 icon, who her appearance is based on. Panzerfaust: - Panzerfaust is the name of a type of German anti-tank weapon used in WW2, which literally translate to "armour/tank fist". Obviously a reference to his appearance. Adam: - A Hebrew name meaning "man". Likely a reference to the fact that he's so normal. Molly: - A pet name form of Mary or Margaret. No idea what it could reference. Maybe related to the verb "mollify" or "mollycoddling"; something to do with her personality? Isaac: - A Hebrew name meaning "laughing". Maybe a reference to famous scientist Isaac Newton, or famous Sci-Fi writer Isaac Asimov. Both a bit of a stretch. Venus: - Name from the Roman goddess of love, so could be a reference to her goddess status, but most likely a reference to the Venus flytrap, the carnivorous plant, due to her Parasite's appearance. - Her Parasite's name, Abaddon, is a Hebrew term literally meaning "destruction" that appears in the Bible referring to a place of destruction and the angel of the bottomless pit. Most likely a reference to the fact that her Parasite usually manifests on Venus's body as mouths in her abdomen, and early Skullgirls concepts even referred to it as "Ab-addon". Aeon: - A Latin term meaning "life" but tended to mean "time". Usually used to refer to a very long period of time. References the fact she is the goddess of time. - Her Parasite, Khronos, references the Greek god of time, usually spelled Chronos, who is depicted as a three-headed snake. The Parasite's appearance is likely partly a reference to this.